November 12, 2020
Trustworthy AI – An Industry Perspective Hosted by Seán Kelly, MEP and Xperi (Ireland)
On 12 November 2020 Xperi’s team in Ireland hosted a virtual seminar in co-operation with Seán Kelly, MEP at the European Parliament on the topic of Trustworthy AI (Artificial Intelligence).
Trustworthy AI – An Industry Perspective
Hosted by Seán Kelly, MEP and Xperi (Ireland)
Thursday 12th November 2020, 1500 CET – 1700 CET.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) now permeates the daily fabric of the lives of all European citizens. So much so that the European Commission released its “White Paper on AI” in February 2020 aimed at realising an ‘ecosystem of excellence’ and an ‘ecosystem of trust’. This seminar hosted by Seán Kelly, MEP for Ireland and Xperi (Ireland), seeks to explain that not all uses nor AIs are equal and they need to be considered in a nuanced manner. The seminar will give a broad industry perspective on how Trustworthy AI should be developed. The seminar will also discuss how regulation could impact innovative product development.
The 2-hour seminar included the following content:
- Introduction from Gabriel Cosgrave, General Manager for Xperi EMEA [2m38s]
- Opening thoughts from Seán Kelly, MEP [6m15s]
- Keynote from Eva Kaili, MEP and Chair of the Future of Science and Technology Panel in the European Parliament [12m42s]
- “Artificial Intelligence at the Edge” – Dr. Istvan Andorko, Director of Engineering, Xperi [23m41s]
- “Trustworthy AI in the Automotive Industry” – Panel Discussion [37m18s]
- Moderator: Andrea Sroczynski, Managing Director for the German subsidiary of SBD (Secure by Design) Automotive
- Grégoire Ferre, Senior Vice President – Cockpit of the Future, Digital Transformation & Artificial Intelligence (DSF), Faurecia
- Daniela Rittmeier, AI Portfolio Manager of the BMW Group
- Dr. Peter Schlicht, Department Lead – Artificial Intelligence, Car.SW Org, Volkswagen Group
- Fabien MANGEANT, Expert Leader in Artificial Intelligence, Groupe Renault
- Gereon Joachim, Vice President Automotive Sales & Strategy, EMEA, Xperi
- “Voice tech for kids, privacy and trustworthy AI” – Dr. Patricia Scanlon, Founder and CEO, Soapbox Labs [78m20s]
- “How current regulations support Europe’s position as a leader in AI” – John Patterson, VP and Associate General Counsel, Xperi [89m04s]
- Closing panel moderated by Barry O’Sullivan with Juha Heikkilä, Head of Unit, Directorate-General for Communications Networks, Content & Technology
Robotics & Artificial Intelligence at the European Commission, Patricia Scanlon and Andrea Scroczynski [97m41s]
- Closing statements from Gabriel Cosgrave and Seán Kelly [111m45s]
The seminar as chaired by Prof. Barry O’Sullivan, Vice-Chair of High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence and the programme was co-ordinated by Charles Dawes, Senior Director International Marketing at Xperi.
Gabriel Cosgrave opened the seminar by stating that technology continues to advance at a rapid pace, and we need to be conscious of how we can keep pace with that advancement when we think about frameworks and regulations such as the Trustworthy AI initiative. He encouraged the audience to think about international collaboration, particularly transatlantic collaboration, in creating frameworks and regulation which would speak to Europe’s position as a global leader in technology development.
Some of his key points and asks in relation to the Trustworthy AI framework were:
- A clear distinction between Edge AI and Cloud AI based systems and applications should be made. Also referred to as offline and online AI there is a fundamental delineation of risk in relation to data privacy & security between these designs.
- The sectoral nuance and purpose of an AI application should be a fundamental part of defining any framework and regulation. You will hear about how technology using AI systems will help save lives in the Automotive industry and how it can enhance children’s learning capabilities and play time but with safety and privacy being the foundation from the design stage.
- Fundamentals of human rights including data privacy are the bedrock of EU policy which we fully support. Existing EU regulations, such as GDPR, give a clear structure for industry to work within including the important step of consent. If data never leaves a device and the AI systems, as part of the technology in the device, meet industry standards then we strongly advise that no further regulation is needed and be considered Low Risk. We also encourage the use of consent within GDPR to allow the benefits of technology advancement to be utilized & enjoyed by consumers who chose to do so.
He stated that as a global leader in technology, Xperi like many other industry leaders, understand and support the need for regulation & policy. Benchmarking of datasets as a minimum standard for the testing of AI applications can work as part of internal engineering process but should not create additional burden on the innovation parties or slow down the pace of technology.
A common & shared base dataset across public & private sectors for AI application testing standards can alleviate certain concerns including potential discrimination of data use cases. However, it should be recognized that industry invests heavily into more complex and larger datasets to differentiate quality, performance & safety of their systems and applications above & beyond the base dataset. These datasets form part of their Intellectual Property and as a key differentiator between solutions in the market.
Seán Kelly and Eva Kaili gave their views on how AI is affecting the lives of European citizens and how AI and the digital economy are driving forward and need to have a regulatory framework that works put in place. Mr. Kelly discussed that COVID-19 has brought the digital world closer to home for everyone and that AI offers practical solutions to many longstanding problems in many sectors. While AI is one of the most important applications in the data economy, enabling a more dynamic and innovative Europe he noted we should not shy away from the fact that AI can have potential risks if allowed to develop improperly. He stated that Europe needs to provide a regulatory framework that is fit for purpose, does not stymie innovation and competition but still ensures safe technologies that have the best interests of the citizen at heart.
Ms. Kaili acknowledged that AI is transforming every sector of our lives and talked about the work of the Centre for Artificial Intelligence and their ongoing efforts to bring about binding legislation to ensure liability is clear, ethical frameworks are in place and safety checks and investment are available. She confirmed the importance of protecting the digital human rights of citizens in the online world. Ms. Kaili also expressed that the high-low risk approach proposed by the commission is interesting as it allows Europe to move faster with low-risk applications of AI and still have extra safety and security criteria for high-risk applications in sectors such as healthcare and defence.
The seminar included short talks from Dr. Istvan Andorko of Xperi about AI at the Edge, Patricia Scanlon of Soapbox Labs about Voice tech for kids, privacy and trustworthy AI and John Patterson about how current regulations support Europe’s position as a leader in AI.
The event also featured two panels – Trustworthy AI in the Automotive Industry, which was moderated by Andrea Sroczynski, highlighted the views on AI experts from BMW, Volkswagen, Renault, Faurecia and Xperi. They discussed the key themes of the need for regulation to take account of the use cases, be risk based and sectorially nuanced and focused on European values.
The second panel featured Juha Heikkilä, Head of Unit at DG-Connect who talked about the challenges for Europe to be a leader in Trustworthy AI, the strength of B2B research, robotics and strong industrial sectors where data is available. He also spoke about the need for both private and public funding and how important the co-ordination provided by the European Commission is to the current and future development of AI in Europe.
The event was closed with statements from Seán Kelly and Gabriel Cosgrave, who offered Xperi to the parliament and commission in an advisory role as they seek to finalise the regulatory framework.
Gabriel summed up the key asks from the seminar as:
- A clear distinction between Edge AI and Cloud AI based systems and applications should be made
- The sectoral nuance and purpose of an AI application should be a fundamental part of defining any framework, risk models & regulation.
- Fundamentals of human rights including data privacy are the bedrock of EU policy which we fully support. Existing EU regulations, such as GDPR, give a clear structure for industry to work within including the important step of consent
- Common & shared base dataset across public & private sectors for AI application testing standards can alleviate certain concerns. However, advanced datasets form part of Intellectual Property and differentiation between solutions which needs to be recognized.
He finished by saying that “… Europe has a great opportunity to enhance its position as a global leader in Technology including AI but there is also a chance that we slow it down through over-regulation or insufficient thinking towards the future of technology.”
The white paper is available at: https://ec.europa.eu/info/files/white-paper-artificial-intelligence-european-approach-excellence-and-trust_en
Additional background reading about Xperi’s approach to Trustworthy AI can be found in this blog post on the EU AI Alliance website:
Can Regulations Ensure Trustworthiness & Keep AI Loyal? By Dr. Petronel Bigioi, CTO, Xperi. https://futurium.ec.europa.eu/en/european-ai-alliance/blog/can-regulations-ensure-trustworthiness-keep-ai-loyal
Seán Kelly, MEP (LinkedIn)
Seán Kelly has been a member of the European Parliament for Ireland South since 2009. He is the current leader of Fine Gael in the European Parliament, and part of the European People’s Party (EPP) Group. Seán sits on the European Parliament’s Committees on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE), International Trade (INTA) and Human Rights (DROI). He is a member of the European Parliament Delegation for relations with the South Africa, and the Delegation for relations with countries of Southeast Asia and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
Seán has been heavily involved in the digital economy, with priorities including the establishment of high-speed networks, bolstering the digital single market, bridging the digital divide and providing better targeted support for ICT research and innovation. Seán served as Rapporteur for the ITRE Committee on the proposal for the General Data Protection Regulation, which represented the largest reform of data privacy law in the last two decades. As a result of his work in the area of data protection, cyberbullying and as Ambassador for CoderDojo, Seán was voted 2014 MEP of the Year for Digital Agenda and for his continued work Seán has also just received a nomination for The Industry, Research & Innovation Award at the MEP Awards 2020.
Eva Kaili, MEP (LinkedIn)
Eva KAILI is a Member of the European Parliament, part of the Hellenic S&D Delegation since 2014.
She is the Chair of the Future of Science and Technology Panel in the European Parliament (STOA), Member of the Industry, Research and Energy committee (ITRE), of the Economic and monetary affairs committee (ECON) and of the Budgets committee (BUDG).
In her capacity, she has been working intensively on promoting innovation as a driving force of the establishment of the European Digital Single Market.
She has been the draftsperson of multiple pieces of legislation in the fields of blockchain technology, online platforms, big data, fintech, AI and cybersecurity, as well as the ITRE draftsperson on Juncker plan EFSI2 and more recently the Invest EU program.
She is the founder of the Future Forum, a network of influential politicians, officials and public figures promoting innovation.
As a high ranking and influential MEP she is often invited to talk for her work in important conferences and academic institutions world widely.
She has also been the Chair of the Delegation to the NATO PA in the European Parliament, focusing on Defence and Security of Europe.
Prior to that, she has been elected as a Member of the Hellenic Parliament (2007-2012), with the PanHellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK).
She also worked as a journalist and newscaster prior to her political career.
She holds a Bachelor degree in Architecture and Civil Engineering, and Postgraduate degree in European Politics.
Head of Unit, Robotics & Artificial Intelligence, Directorate-General for Communications Networks, Content & Technology at the European Commission
Since 2014 Juha Heikkilä has been the Head of the Robotics and Artificial Intelligence unit in the European Commission Directorate-General for Communications Networks, Content and Technology, which develops the Commission policy and activities in Artificial Intelligence.
The Commission has been funding a multidisciplinary programme on Cognitive Systems, Robotics and AI since 2004, focusing on smart robots and artificial systems, and in 2014 it set up a Public-Private Partnership in Robotics. Previously, Juha Heikkilä was involved in computational and corpus linguistic research at the University of Helsinki, and he has a PhD in Linguistics from the University of Cambridge.
Gabriel Cosgrave (LinkedIn)
Gabriel Cosgrave is the General Manager of EMEA at Xperi based in Ireland. In his role, he leads the European business as well as the global business operations function. Xperi has focus on Consumer Experience, Connected Car & Pay TV through our businesses including TiVo, DTS, FotoNation, HD Radio, Perceive, Invensas & Tessera.
Dr. Patricia Scanlon (LinkedIn)
Dr. Patricia Scanlon is the founder and CEO of SoapBox Labs, the world’s leading provider of proprietary voice technology for children. Dr. Scanlon holds a PhD and has over 20 years experience working in speech recognition technology, including at Bell Labs and IBM. She has been granted 3 patents, with two more pending. An acclaimed TEDx speaker, in 2018 Dr. Scanlon was named one of Forbes “Top 50 Women in Tech” globally.
In 2013, inspired by the needs of her oldest child, Dr. Scanlon envisioned a speech technology to redefine how children acquire literacy. She has successfully raised multiple rounds of both public and private funding to bolster research and product development, and her technical approach has been independently validated by the world’s top three academic authorities on speech recognition. Today, SoapBox Labs powers voice-enabled educational and entertainment experiences for kids globally. The company is based in Dublin, Ireland, and has a world class team of 30 employees.
Dr. Istvan Andorko (LinkedIn)
Director of Engineering, Xperi
Istvan Andorko is Director of Engineering in the Office of the CTO at Xperi Corporation. In his role, he leads a large multi-disciplinary engineering team developing cutting-edge AI solutions for various image processing problems in the Home and Mobile markets.
Istvan has received his Ph.D. from the National University of Ireland, Galway. He has several granted and published U.S. and international patents and several peer-reviewed published journal papers to date.
John Patterson (LinkedIn)
VP and Associate General Counsel, Xperi
John Patterson is VP and Associate General Counsel at Xperi Corporation. He is responsible for Xperi’s legal activities in EMEA. Prior to Xperi John has served in various international in-house legal roles including Hewlett Packard and TiVo. John is currently a member of the CLEPA Legal working group.
John is Solicitor, qualified in the UK.
Andrea Sroczynski (LinkedIn)
Managing Director for the German subsidiary of SBD (Secure by Design) Automotive
Andrea has more than twenty years’ experience in the connected vehicle industry, as well as working at Telecommunication companies within the M2M/IoT sector.
Prior to her role with SBD, Andrea was part of the Strategic Business Development team heading the segment strategy Automotive & Transportation for Telenor Connexion, one of the leading IoT Telecommunication provider. This work also included the market and partner strategy for their Germany (DACH) rollout. Previous experiences include positions as Director Technical Program Management for Telematics Programs in Europe, e.g. BMW ConnectedDrive and leading engineer for Conditional Access and Security layer in telematics protocols at Vodafone.
Daniela Rittmeier (LinkedIn)
AI Portfolio Manager of the BMW Group
Daniela has more than 15 years’ experience of initiating, developing and realizing transformation projects and is fascinated about shaping the future and reaching innovative, sustainable solutions.
Based on the BMW Strategy Number One she set-up the initial AI network in her previous role in the development division for autonomous driving. Supported by an interdisciplinary team she derived the Artificial Intelligence Strategy.
Today Daniela is part of the “Project AI”, which is the BMW Group’s centre of excellence and ensuring rapid knowledge transfer and technology scaling within the company. She is responsible for the “D³ Portfolio”, which provides transparency on the use of technologies making Data-Driven Decisions & currently comprises over 400 use cases.
Grégoire Ferre (LinkedIn)
Senior Vice President – Cockpit of the Future, Digital Transformation & Artificial Intelligence (DSF), Faurecia
Gregoire FERRE is Senior Vice President at Faurecia, in charge of Cockpit of the Future, Digital Transformation, and Artificial Intelligence. He has extensive experience in the auto industry, working for Faurecia and Renault at various positions ranging from strategy, program, manufacturing or engineering. Gregoire also worked in the aerospace industry through extensive missions when he was a consultant for AlixPartners in particular. He graduated from the Ecole Polytechnique (France), and MIT (USA).
Fabien MANGEANT (LinkedIn)
Expert Leader in Artificial Intelligence, Groupe Renault
In 1998, Fabien obtained both a Master Sciences in Engineering from CentraleSupelec and a Master Sciences in Research in Solid Physics from University Pierre et Marie Curie. He started his career developing physical models (granular media, thermodynamics, engine control, electromagnetics) for various industrial applications (automotive, aeronautics, space). He joined the corporate research center of Airbus in 2000. In 2007, he took the lead of the R&T department in applied mathematics to develop advanced methods in physical modelling, optimization, CAD/CAE, High Performance Computing, Probabilistic & Statistical Modelling and Model-based systems Engineering. When he left Airbus in 2017, he was in charge of the Roadmap in Applied Mathematics &numerical methods at Group level. He was involved in the screening and development of strategic partnerships in Europe and abroad (India/Russia).
In 2018, he joined Renault as an expert in statistics (durability/reliability, robust engineering, data analytics, V&V of autonomous vehicles) and leads the data roadmap for the quality department.
Since February 2020, he holds the position of Expert Leader in Artificial Intelligence and manages the world- wide network in this field with applications in all domains and functions (engineering, supply-chain & manufacturing, sales & after-sales, quality, support functions).
Fabien is also associate professor at CentraleSupelec and belongs to several scientific committees (AMIES, Fondation Sciences & Maths à Paris,SIA).
Dr. Peter Schlicht (LinkedIn)
Department Lead – Artificial Intelligence, Car.SW Org, Volkswagen Group
Peter Schlicht has his background in theoretical mathematics and computer science. He studied in Göttingen and received his doctorate in pure mathematics from the University of Leipzig. After a two-year research stay at the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale (EPFL) in Lausanne (Switzerland), he joined Volkswagen Group Research in 2016 as an AI architect. There he dealt with research questions on safety, reliability, robustness and efficiency on artificial intelligence technologies for automated driving. He is particularly interested in methods for monitoring, explaining and robustifying DNNs.
In 2020, Peter joined the VW subsidiary CarSoftware.org and is leading the department for Artificial Intelligence within its central AI.Hub.
Gereon Joachim (LinkedIn)
Vice President Automotive Sales & Strategy, EMEA, Xperi
Gereon Joachim, Vice President Automotive Sales & Strategy, EMEA, is leading the European automotive business development / sales activities and strategy for Xperi. A senior executive with over 20 years of experience in engineering, program management and sales in the automotive industry, he is focused on delivering extraordinary experiences for in-car infotainment and safety applications to his customers, making rides safer and more enjoyable.
Prior to joining Xperi, Gereon held positions at Visteon, Remy International and United Technologies. He holds an MBA in Global eManagement from University of Cologne and a degree in Industrial Engineering from Cologne University of Applied Sciences.
Prof. Barry O’Sullivan (LinkedIn)
Vice-Chair of High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence
Professor Barry O’Sullivan, FEurAI, FIAE, FICS, MRIA, is an award-winning academic working in the fields of artificial intelligence, constraint programming, operations research, ethics, and public policy. He contributes to various global Track II diplomacy efforts. He is a graduate of the University of Limerick and University College Cork and is currently a full professor at the School of Computer Science & IT at University College Cork.
In July 2018 Professor O’Sullivan was appointed Vice Chair of the European Commission High-Level Expert Group on AI, supporting Pekka Ala-Pietilä, former President of Nokia, as Chair. In 2019 the HLEG-AI published: Ethics Guidelines for Trustworthy AI (April) and Policy & Investment Recommendations for Trustworthy AI (June). In 2019 he joined the Scientific Board of AI Watch, an initiative of the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre. In 2020 he was elected a member of the Executive Council of the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI), and was also appointed Chair of the Oversight Board of Health Data Research UK (North), led by the University of Liverpool.
Professor O’Sullivan is a Fellow and a past President of the European AI Association (EurAI). He is a member of the Executive Board of AI4EU the European AI-on-demand Platform. He advises the Leuven.ai institute at KULeuven (Belgium) and the Computational Sustainability Network, a network of universities in the USA, led by Cornell, involving Princeton, Stanford, CMU, Georgia Tech, and others.Back to Stories